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About Blood Donation
 

Blood is the part of life that is given to those who need it by those who have the resource to satisfy the need. The love of fellow human and a desire to share something of one is what singles out a blood donor from the others. Emergencies occur every minute. For each patient requiring blood, it is an emergency and the patients could have set back if blood is not available.

There are four main blood types: A, B, AB and O. The gift of blood is the gift of life. There is no substitute for human blood.

Every year our nation requires about 4 Crore units of blood, out of which only a meager 40 Lakh units of blood are available.

One blood donation can save as many as three lives. One unit of blood can be separated into several components, including red blood cells, plasma and platelets. Red blood cells carry oxygen to the body's organs and tissue. Plasma is a pale yellow mixture of water, salts and proteins, including solvable clotting factors; plasma is 90 percent water and constitutes 55 percent of blood volume. Platelets are small blood cells that initiate blood clotting, controlling bleeding.

Every three seconds, someone needs blood. Blood fights against infection and helps heal wounds, keeping you healthy. Anemic patients need blood transfusions to increase their iron levels. Cancer, transplant and trauma patients and patients undergoing open-heart surgery require platelet transfusions to survive. People who have been in car accidents and suffered massive blood loss can need transfusions of 50 units or more of red blood cells.
The average bone marrow transplant requires 120 units of platelets and about 20 units of red blood cells. Severe burn victims can need 20 units of platelets during their treatment. Children being treated for cancer, premature infants, and children having heart surgery need blood and platelets from donors of all types.

Apheresis (ay-fur-ee-sis) is a special kind of blood donation that allows a donor to give specific blood components, such as platelets. Platelets must be used within five days of collection; hence blood donations are especially needed around 3-day weekends. Red blood cells must be used within 42 days. Plasma can be frozen and used for up to a year.

Blood makes up about 7 percent of your body's weight, and the average adult has 10 pints of blood in his or her body. Since a pint is pound, you lose a pound every time you donate blood.

 

WHAT TYPE ARE YOU?

O+ 1 person in 3 O- 1 person in 15
A+ 1 person in 3 A- 1 person in 16
B+ 1 person in 12 B- 1 person in 67
AB+ 1 person in 29 AB- 1 person in 167

  • Those belonging to the O- blood group are called universal blood donors. The red blood cells of a universal blood donor may be transfused to anyone regardless of their blood type.
  • The plasma of those belonging to the AB blood group may be transfused to anyone regardless of blood type.
  • Your blood helps more than one life at a time. Every 2 seconds someone needs blood. Accidents premature babies, major surgeries require Whole blood, where your blood after testing is used directly. Trauma, Anemia, other surgeries requires only RBC, which is separated from your blood. The procedure of splitting blood components is called Cytapheresis. Similarly Platelets are used for Cancer patients undergoing Chemotherapy, Dengue fever, etc. Fresh frozen plasma is used for patients having massive Transfusions, Plasma is used for Burns and Cryoprecipitate is used for Hemophilia.

    1. Automobile Accident 15 units of blood
    2. Heart Surgery 6 units of blood / 6 units of Platelets
    3. Organ Transplant 10-25 units of blood / Platelets
    4. 20 bags of cryoprecipitate 25 units of fresh frozen plasma
    5. Bone Marrow Transplant 10-20 units of platelets/ 20 units of blood
    6. Burn Victims 5-20 units of platelets

     

    Know your blood donors in emergency **

     
    YOUR DONORS BLOOD GROUP
    O-**
    O+
    B-
    B+
    A-
    A+
    AB-
    AB+
    AB+
    AB-
    A+
    A-
    B+
    B-
    O+
    O-

    NOTE: Distribution is different for every racial and ethnic population group.

    ** NOTE: Recent Blood research indicates that where, at one time , a person with type O negative Blood was considered to be a 'universal donor ,' this may no longer be correct, because of a better understanding of the complex issues of immune reactions related to incompatible donor Blood cells.

     

    WHO CAN/CAN'T DONATE BLOOD

    Donating blood is safe and simple. It takes approximately 10-15 minutes to complete the blood donation process. Any healthy adult between 18 years and 60 years of age can donate blood. This is what you can expect when you are ready to donate blood:
    Let others benefit from your pious mentality & good health.

    Do donate blood if ...
    · You are between age group of 18-60 years.
    · Your weight is 45 kegs or more.
    · Your hemoglobin is 12.5 gm% minimum.
    · Your last blood donation was 3 months earlier.
    · You are healthy and have not suffered from malaria, typhoid or other transmissible disease in the recent past.
    There are many, many people who meet these parameters of health and fitness!

    Do abide by our rules - be truthful about your health status!
    We ensure the health of blood, before we take it, as well as after it is collected. Firstly, the donor is expected to be honest about his or her health history and current condition. Secondly, collected blood is tested for venereal diseases, hepatitis B & C and AIDS.
    You have to be healthy to give 'safe blood'

    Please Do not donate blood if you have any of these conditions
    · Cold / fever in the past 1 week, Malaria (within 1 year).
    · Hemoglobin deficiency / Anemia (recently)
    · Tuberculosis (within 2 years).
    · Leprosy or any other infectious diseases
    · Fits/ Convulsions (If you are under medication currently)
    · Under treatment with antibiotics or any other medication.
    · Cardiac problems, hypertension, epilepsy, diabetes (on insulin therapy), history of cancer, chronic kidney or liver disease, bleeding tendencies (Hemophilia), venereal disease, Hormonal disorders etc.
    · Major surgery in the last 6 months.
    · Vaccination in the last 24 hours, Small Pox Vaccination (within the last 3weeks)
    · Had a miscarriage in the last 6 months or have been pregnant / lactating in the last one year.
    · Had fainting attacks during last donation.
    · Have regularly received treatment with blood products.
    · Shared a needle to inject drugs/ have history of drug addiction.
    · Had sexual relations with different partners or with a high-risk individual.
    · Been tested positive for antibodies to HIV (AIDS), Hepatitis B, C.

    Pregnancy And Menstrual Period

    · Females should not donate blood during pregnancy.
    · They can donate after 6 weeks following a normal delivery and when they are not breast-feeding.
    · Pregnancy (within the last 6 months).
    · Females should not donate blood if they are having heavy menstrual flow or menstrual cramps.

    Who are benefited by yours blood donation:

    · Blood is needed every minute
    · To replace blood lost because of accidents or diseases.
    · To treat shock due to injury.
    · For Major & Minor surgeries including open heart surgeries, transplants etc.
    · For burn victims.
    · For patients suffering from Anemia.
    · During childbirth for the mother.
    · For exchange transfusion for new born infants.
    · To make blood derivatives which are used to treat medical problems
    · For children suffering from ailments like Thalassaemia, Hemophilia (bleeding disorders), Leukemia, Blood Cancer.

    And last but not least that's donor who donates blood has the most benefited and satisfied person in all respect because of saving one life by his own effort and open the door for others to donate blood.

     

    SEVERAL BENEFITS OF BLOOD DONATION TO THE DONOR HIMSELF:

    1. The Kansas University Medical Center found that men who participate in blood donation experience a 30 percent fewer incidents of heart disease and stroke compared to those people who did not.

    2. In 1998 American Journal of Epidemiology published that blood donation can reduce the overall iron levels in blood, which may protect against heart attack. But this applies to people who had high iron in their blood to begin with.

    3. Blood donation forces your body to replace the lost blood with fresh NEW cells.

    4. Men do not have menstrual period, therefore they store iron in their bodies, often its more than they need.

    5. A healthy body replaces blood within 48 hours and creates NEW red blood cells within a week.

    6. Most blood donation sites check your heart rate, hemoglobin, blood pressure etc.. for FREE. If you get those checked in a regular doctor's clinic, it will cost you money.

    7. You hardly lose blood, average adult has 10 pints of total blood, we donate just 1 pint. Giving blood will not decrease your strength.

    8. Most employers usually give time off when you want to donate blood.

    We can not commit that we would always be able to provide help to find donors for every request, But we can assure much that we would try our best to help you out to find blood donors.

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