is the part of life that is given
to those who need it by those who
have the resource to satisfy the
need. The love of fellow human and
a desire to share something of one
is what singles out a blood donor
from the others. Emergencies occur
every minute. For each patient requiring
blood, it is an emergency and the
patients could have set back if
blood is not available.
There are four
main blood types: A, B,
AB and O. The gift
of blood is the gift
of life. There is no substitute
for human blood.
Every year our
nation requires about 4
Crore units of blood, out
of which only a meager 40
Lakh units of blood are
One blood donation
can save as many as three lives.
One unit of blood can be separated
into several components, including
red blood cells, plasma and platelets.
Red blood cells carry oxygen to
the body's organs and tissue. Plasma
is a pale yellow mixture of water,
salts and proteins, including solvable
clotting factors; plasma is 90 percent
water and constitutes 55 percent
of blood volume. Platelets are small
blood cells that initiate blood
clotting, controlling bleeding.
Every three seconds,
someone needs blood. Blood fights
against infection and helps heal
wounds, keeping you healthy. Anemic
patients need blood transfusions
to increase their iron levels. Cancer,
transplant and trauma patients and
patients undergoing open-heart surgery
require platelet transfusions to
survive. People who have been in
car accidents and suffered massive
blood loss can need transfusions
of 50 units or more of red blood
The average bone marrow transplant
requires 120 units of platelets
and about 20 units of red blood
cells. Severe burn victims can need
20 units of platelets during their
treatment. Children being treated
for cancer, premature infants, and
children having heart surgery need
blood and platelets from donors
of all types.
is a special kind of blood donation
that allows a donor to give specific
blood components, such as platelets.
Platelets must be used within five
days of collection; hence blood
donations are especially needed
around 3-day weekends. Red blood
cells must be used within 42 days.
Plasma can be frozen and used for
up to a year.
Blood makes up
about 7 percent of your body's weight,
and the average adult has 10 pints
of blood in his or her body. Since
a pint is pound, you lose a pound
every time you donate blood.
belonging to the O- blood
group are called universal blood
donors. The red blood cells
of a universal blood donor may be
transfused to anyone regardless
of their blood type.
The plasma of those belonging
to the AB blood group may be transfused
to anyone regardless of blood type.
OF BLOOD TYPES
|O+ 1 person
||O- 1 person
|A+ 1 person
||A- 1 person
|B+ 1 person
||B- 1 person
|AB+ 1 person
||AB- 1 person
Your blood helps more than one life at a time. Every 2 seconds someone needs blood.
Accidents premature babies, major surgeries require Whole blood, where your blood
after testing is used directly. Trauma, Anemia, other surgeries requires only RBC,
which is separated from your blood. The procedure of splitting blood components
is called Cytapheresis. Similarly Platelets are used for Cancer patients undergoing Chemotherapy,
Dengue fever, etc. Fresh frozen plasma is used for patients having massive Transfusions,
Plasma is used for Burns and Cryoprecipitate is used for Hemophilia.
OF BLOOD USE
of blood / 6 units of Platelets
of blood / Platelets
|4. 20 bags
of fresh frozen plasma
of platelets/ 20 units of
NOTE: Distribution is different for every racial and ethnic population group.
** NOTE: Recent Blood research indicates that where, at one time
, a person with type O negative Blood was considered to be a 'universal donor
,' this may no longer be correct, because of a better understanding of the complex
issues of immune reactions related to incompatible donor Blood cells.
blood is safe and simple. It takes
approximately 10-15 minutes to complete
the blood donation process. Any
healthy adult between 18 years and
60 years of age can donate blood.
This is what you can expect when
you are ready to donate blood:
Let others benefit from your pious
mentality & good health.
blood if ...
· You are between age group
of 18-60 years.
· Your weight is
45 kegs or more.
· Your hemoglobin
is 12.5 gm% minimum.
· Your last blood
donation was 3 months earlier.
· You are healthy
and have not suffered from malaria,
typhoid or other transmissible disease
in the recent past.
There are many, many people
who meet these parameters of health
by our rules - be truthful about
your health status!
We ensure the health of blood, before
we take it, as well as after it
is collected. Firstly, the donor
is expected to be honest about his
or her health history and current
condition. Secondly, collected blood
is tested for venereal diseases,
hepatitis B & C and AIDS.
You have to be healthy to give 'safe
Do not donate blood if you have
any of these conditions
· Cold / fever in the past
1 week, Malaria (within 1 year).
· Hemoglobin deficiency /
· Tuberculosis (within 2
· Leprosy or any other infectious
· Fits/ Convulsions (If you
are under medication currently)
· Under treatment with antibiotics
or any other medication.
· Cardiac problems, hypertension,
epilepsy, diabetes (on insulin therapy),
history of cancer, chronic kidney
or liver disease, bleeding tendencies
(Hemophilia), venereal disease,
Hormonal disorders etc.
· Major surgery in the last
· Vaccination in the last
24 hours, Small Pox Vaccination
(within the last 3weeks)
· Had a miscarriage in the
last 6 months or have been pregnant
/ lactating in the last one year.
· Had fainting attacks during
· Have regularly received
treatment with blood products.
· Shared a needle to inject
drugs/ have history of drug addiction.
· Had sexual relations with
different partners or with a high-risk
· Been tested positive for
antibodies to HIV (AIDS), Hepatitis
Pregnancy And Menstrual Period
should not donate blood during pregnancy.
· They can donate after 6
weeks following a normal delivery
and when they are not breast-feeding.
· Pregnancy (within the last
· Females should not donate
blood if they are having heavy menstrual
flow or menstrual cramps.
is needed every minute
· To replace blood lost because
of accidents or diseases.
· To treat shock due to injury.
· For Major & Minor surgeries
including open heart surgeries,
· For burn victims.
· For patients suffering
· During childbirth for the
· For exchange transfusion
for new born infants.
· To make blood derivatives
which are used to treat medical
· For children suffering from ailments like Thalassaemia,
Hemophilia (bleeding disorders), Leukemia, Blood Cancer.
And last but not least that's donor who donates blood has the most benefited and satisfied person in all respect because of saving one life by his own effort and open the door for others to donate blood.
1. The Kansas
University Medical Center found
that men who participate in blood
donation experience a 30 percent
fewer incidents of heart disease
and stroke compared to those people
who did not.
2. In 1998 American Journal of
Epidemiology published that blood
donation can reduce the overall
iron levels in blood, which may
protect against heart attack. But
this applies to people who had high
iron in their blood to begin with.
3. Blood donation forces your body
to replace the lost blood with fresh
4. Men do not have menstrual period,
therefore they store iron in their
bodies, often its more than they
5. A healthy body replaces blood
within 48 hours and creates NEW
red blood cells within a week.
6. Most blood donation sites check
your heart rate, hemoglobin, blood
pressure etc.. for FREE. If you
get those checked in a regular doctor's
clinic, it will cost you money.
7. You hardly lose blood, average
adult has 10 pints of total blood,
we donate just 1 pint. Giving blood
will not decrease your strength.
8. Most employers usually give
time off when you want to donate
can not commit that we would always be
able to provide help to find donors for
every request, But we can assure much
that we would try our best to help you
out to find blood donors.